Landscape view not supported, please use portrait view!

After Repair Value – Definition, Overview & FAQ

What is after repair value (ARV)?

Definition: After Repair Value (ARV) refers to the estimated market value of aproperty after all necessary repairs and renovations have been completed.
Investors in real estate, particularly those engaged in flipping properties, use the
ARV to determine the potential selling price post-renovation. By comparing the ARV
to the total costs of acquisition and repairs, investors can estimate the potential
profit and determine the viability of an investment.

Importance of ARV in real estate investment and flipping

  • Profit Estimation: The primary goal of flipping is to earn a profit. By
    determining the ARV, investors can subtract their projected costs (purchase
    price, repair costs, holding costs, selling costs) to estimate potential profits.
  •  Budgeting for Repairs: Knowing the ARV helps investors set a budget for
    renovations. Over-spending on repairs can eat into potential profits, while
    under-spending might result in a property that doesn’t meet the expected
  •  Financing: Lenders often consider the ARV when determining whether to
    offer financing for a flip. A promising ARV can increase the likelihood of
    securing a loan, and it can also influence the terms and amount of the loan.
  •  Pricing Strategy: Once repairs are completed, the ARV assists investors in
    setting a competitive selling price for the property, maximizing profit while
    ensuring a timely sale.
  • Risk Assessment: By comparing the ARV with projected costs, investors can
    gauge the risk associated with a project. If the margins are slim, the project
    might be riskier than one with a higher potential profit margin.
  •  Investment Viability: Not all properties are good candidates for flipping. The
    ARV helps investors decide whether a property is worth the time, effort, and
    money. If the ARV is too close to the purchase price plus renovation costs,
    the property might not be a wise investment.
  • Negotiation Tool: When purchasing a property to flip, an investor armed with
    a well-researched ARV can negotiate the purchase price more effectively,
    arguing that their proposed price aligns with the property’s value
  •  Exit Strategy Planning: For investors, having an exit strategy is crucial. The
    ARV helps in determining whether to sell the property post-renovation or to
    hold and rent it out. A high ARV might indicate a profitable sale, while a
    moderate ARV in a strong rental market might suggest the latter strategy.

Calculating ARV

ARV = Property’s Current Value + Value of Renovations

At its simplest, ARV calculation involves adding the current value of the property
(usually the purchase price or the as-is value) to the value the renovations are
expected to add.

Considerations in Estimation:

  • Importance of Accuracy in Renovation Costs: An accurate budget for
    renovations is crucial. This includes labor, materials, permits, and any
    unexpected costs that might arise. Underestimating can lead to budget
    overruns and a lower-than-expected profit margin.
  • Property Value Predictions: Determining the current value of the property is
    vital. This might involve hiring an appraiser or comparing the property to
    recent sales of similar properties in the area (comparables or “comps”).
    Future value predictions should also consider market trends, the impact of
    any larger community developments, and other factors that might influence
    property values.

Common Mistakes:

  • Overestimating the Renovation Value: Not all renovations lead to an
    equivalent increase in property value. For example, investing £50,000 in a
    property doesn’t necessarily increase its value by £50,000. It’s essential to
    understand which renovations yield the best return on investment in the
    specific market.
  • Neglecting Holding Costs: While the basic formula is straightforward, some
    investors forget to factor in holding costs like property taxes, insurance,
    utilities, and loan interest that accrue during the renovation period.
  • Ignoring the Importance of ‘Comps’: The best predictor of ARV is the selling
    price of similar properties in the same area. Ignoring or misinterpreting
    comps can lead to a miscalculated ARV.
  •  Underestimating Renovation Costs: This is a frequent pitfall, especially for
    novice flippers. Unexpected repairs, changes in plans, or increases in
    material costs can quickly inflate the renovation budget.
  •  Over-Renovating: There’s a point of diminishing returns with renovations.
    Ultra-high-end finishes in a middle-class neighborhood might not yield a
    proportional increase in value.
  • Being Overly Optimistic: A successful flip requires a balance of optimism
    and realism. Overestimating the post-renovation market demand or
    expecting too high a selling price can lead to miscalculations in ARV.

Importance of ARV in different real estate scenarios

House Flipping – Buying, Renovating, and Selling for Profit

  • Profit Projection: ARV is central to estimating potential profit. By subtracting
    the total costs (purchase, renovation, holding, selling) from the ARV, flippers
    can decide if a property is a worthy investment.
  • Budgeting: An estimated ARV helps flippers allocate a budget for repairs and
    upgrades. Spending too much might eat into profits, while spending too little
    might lead to a property not meeting its ARV potential.
  • Pricing Strategy: Post-renovation, the ARV guides the listing price, ensuring
    the property is priced in line with its value, neither undervalued (leading to
    potential profit loss) nor overvalued (causing prolonged market listing).

BRRRR Strategy (Buy, Rehab, Rent, Refinance, Repeat):

  • Maximizing Refinance Amount: After rehab, investors refinance the
    property. Lenders will typically loan up to a certain percentage of the
    property’s value. A higher ARV ensures a higher refinance amount, allowing
    investors to recoup most, if not all, of their initial investment.
  • Rental Strategy: The ARV, indicative of a property’s quality and appeal, can
    influence rental pricing and tenant quality. A well-renovated property can
    attract higher-paying tenants.
  •  Repeating the Process: The primary goal of BRRRR is to recoup the initial
    investment through refinancing, then repeat the process with another
    property. A correctly estimated ARV ensures the success of the first iteration,
    setting the stage for subsequent investments.

Financing and Refinancing – Using ARV to Obtain Better Loan Terms or Leverage:

  •  Acquisition Loans: Some lenders specialize in loans for property flippers,
    often termed “hard money loans.” These loans might be based on the
    property’s ARV rather than its current value, allowing investors to borrow
  • Refinancing: After a property is renovated, its value (and thus its ARV)
    should increase. Homeowners or investors can refinance their properties
    based on this new value, potentially obtaining better loan terms or extracting
  • Leverage: A high ARV can allow investors to leverage one property to finance
    another. For instance, an investor might use a home equity line of credit
    (HELOC) on a property with a high ARV to finance the purchase or renovation
    of another property.

Tools & resources for determining ARV

Real Estate Agents:

  1.  Local Market Expertise: Experienced real estate agents have a deep
    understanding of their local market, which is vital for estimating ARV. They
    know neighborhood trends, recent sale prices, and demand dynamics.
  2.  Comparables (Comps): Agents can provide access to recent sales of similar
    properties in the area, which are invaluable in determining a property’s
    current value and potential ARV.
  3. Networking: Agents have connections with local contractors, appraisers, and
    other professionals, which can be beneficial in getting accurate renovation
    cost estimates and assessing potential post-renovation demand.
  4. Listing Potential: Once renovations are done, an agent can advise on the
    optimal listing price based on the ARV, ensuring that the property sells
    quickly and for maximum profit.

Appraisal Services:

  1.  Professional Assessment: A licensed appraiser offers an unbiased,
    professional assessment of a property’s value. They consider the property’s
    condition, location, size, and comparables.
  2.  Detailed Reports: Appraisers provide comprehensive reports that detail
    every aspect of their valuation, giving investors a clear understanding of the
    property’s current worth and potential post-renovation value.
  3. Lender Requirements: If you’re seeking financing, lenders often require a
    professional appraisal to determine loan amounts and terms.

Online Platforms:

  1. Preliminary Research: Websites like Rightmove, Zoopla, or Land Registry in
    the UK offer property listings, historical sales data, and other market insights,
    which can be invaluable for a preliminary ARV check.
  2.  Mortgage and Refinance Calculators: Several online tools help estimate
    potential loan amounts, interest rates, and monthly payments based on
    projected ARVs, aiding in financial planning.
  3.  Online Home Value Estimators: Platforms such as Zoopla’s Zed-Index
    provide automated home value estimates based on data analytics. Though
    these should be used cautiously as supplementary tools, they can offer a
    starting point for ARV estimation.
  4. Forums and Communities: Websites like Property Tribes or the
    BiggerPockets community can be a resource. Investors share experiences,
    discuss properties, and can offer advice or opinions on potential ARVs.

Common misconceptions about ARV

Not all repairs or renovations yield a high return on investment. Some upgrades,
like luxury finishes in a middle-class neighborhood, might not significantly increase
the property’s value. The cost of certain renovations might outweigh the value they
Overvaluing the impact of renovations can lead to budget overruns and reduced
profit margins. It can also lead to longer listing times if the property is priced too
high based on an inflated ARV.
Some investors believe that once the ARV is determined at the start of a project, it
remains static and won’t be influenced by external factors.
But, the real estate market is dynamic. Factors like economic downturns, interest
rate changes, local property demand, and even unforeseen events (like natural
disasters or pandemics) can impact property values.
Investors should continually reassess the ARV as the project progresses and as
market conditions evolve. An ARV calculated at the start of a project might not be
valid a few months later, especially in volatile markets.
Rigid adherence to an initially determined ARV can lead to financial miscalculations.
Investors might end up with a property priced higher than the market is willing to
bear, or they could undervalue a property in a rapidly appreciating market.


How do you calculate value after repairs?

ARV (After Repair Value) is calculated by adding the property’s current value to the
estimated value of the renovations. This means: ARV = Property’s Current Value +
Value of Renovations. It’s essential to research comparable properties and get
accurate renovation cost estimates for precision.

What is a good ARV?

A “good” ARV depends on investment goals. Ideally, the ARV should be significantly
higher than the sum of the purchase price, renovation costs, holding costs, and
selling expenses. This ensures a favorable profit margin for real estate investors.

Can I determine the ARV on my own?

While investors can estimate ARV using online tools and market research,
consulting professionals like real estate agents or appraisers can provide more
accurate and detailed evaluations based on local market trends and expertise.

What factors can influence the ARV of a property?

Factors affecting ARV include: local property market trends, the quality and extent
of renovations, recent sales prices of comparable properties, neighborhood
developments, and broader economic factors like interest rates and employment

How does ARV differ from a property's current market value?

The current market value reflects the property’s worth in its present condition,
while ARV projects its potential value after specific renovations are completed.

How accurate are online ARV calculators?

Online ARV calculators provide ballpark estimates based on general data. While
useful for preliminary assessments, they may not capture unique local market
nuances or specific property details. It’s best to use them in conjunction with
professional appraisals or agent advice.

How does ARV impact financing decisions for real estate investors?

ARV is crucial for financing decisions as lenders often base loan amounts on a
property’s ARV. A higher ARV can result in better loan terms and increased
borrowing capacity, essential for flippers or those using the BRRRR strategy.

How does ARV relate to the BRRRR strategy in real estate?

ARV plays a pivotal role in the BRRRR (Buy, Rehab, Rent, Refinance, Repeat)
strategy. After rehabbing a property, investors refinance based on the new ARV,
aiming to pull out most of their initial investment, which can then be recycled into
subsequent properties.

Does ARV guarantee a sale price?

No, ARV is an estimation of a property’s value post-renovations. The actual sale
price depends on various factors like market conditions, the effectiveness of
marketing, and negotiation dynamics at the time of sale.